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Faro Archaeological Museum

Faro Archaeological Museum

Faro Archaeological Museum, also known as the Municipal Museum or Museu Municipal de Faro, has a collection of artefacts ranging from the prehistoric to the medieval including the Moorish.

This museum is located in the cloisters of Nossa Senhora da Assuncao (Or Lady of the Assumption), a 16th century convent.

Faro Archaeological Museum history

Faro Archaeological Museum was the second museum to be created in the Algarve. In 1894, on the 500th anniversary of the birth of Infante Dom Henrique (Henry the Navigator), the institution was inaugurated as the Museum Archeologico Lapidar Infante D. Henrique dedicated to the hero of Sagres.

In 1912 the museum’s collection was transferred to the Church of the Old Convent of “Santo António dos Capuchos” where it remained until 1969 when the move to the museum’s current site began.

The museum has a significant archaeological collection, with artefacts from pre-historical, roman and medieval periods. Key objects from the Roman period include a mosaic from the 2nd/3rd centuries, busts of Emperor Hadrian and Agrippina and a collection of epigraphs of Ossonoba.

The Museum has been a member of the Portuguese Museum Network since 2002 and was awarded the prize for the best Portuguese Museum in the triennial 2003 and 2005 by the Portuguese Association of Museology.

Faro Archaeological Museum today

Most of the collection at the Faro Archaeological Museum is Roman and includes tombstones, mosaics and other pieces found in the region. In addition to these exhibits, Faro Archaeological Museum also has 17th and 18th century Italian paintings, mostly of a religious nature.

Most of the exhibits are of Roman artefacts, but there are also collections from pre-historic, Moorish and medieval periods, including a gallery of religious artworks and some 20th century paintings by local artist Carlos Porfirio, whose works depict scenes from local legends.

A highlight of the collection is the outstanding mosaic of sea-god Oceanus, which was excavated from a site close to the city’s railway station in 1976. There are also busts of Emperor Hadrian and Agrippina.

In a prominent position at the entrance to the museum is a statue of Afonso III, who was king of Portugal in 13th century. Also outside the museum is a statue of Constantino Cumano an Italian-born doctor and political activist who lived for some time in Faro and specialised in the treatment of syphilis, a disease that was rampant throughout Europe in the 19th century.

Faro Archeological Museum is open from Tuesday to Sunday and entry costs €2.

Getting to Faro Archaeological Museum

The museum is located in the Old Town. Faro train station is nearby and the nearest bus stop is Faro City Hall.

Faro Archaeological Museum - History

of its type in the world, and the large terracottas collection, are especially noteworthy.
The museum building comprises exhibition rooms, auxiliary spaces and storerooms. The vestibule and twelve exhibition rooms contain objects excavated in the Altis. The auxiliary spaces (lavatories) are located in the museum's east wing a separate building between the museum and the archaeological site houses a book and souvenir shop. Finally, part of the east wing and the basement are dedicated to storage and conservation of terracottas, bronze, stone, mosaics and minor objects.

The Archaeological Museum of Olympia, supervised by the Seventh Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, was reorganized in 2004 to meet modern museological standards.

Among the most important exhibits of the museum are:

The sculptured ornaments from the Temple of Zeus.
There were 42 figures decorating the 2 pediments of the temple, 12 metopes and the lion-headed water spouts running along the lengths of the temple. It is one of the best surviving ensembles from ancient Greek works of art. They belong to the "austere style" and date to the 1st half of the 5th century B.C.
The eastern pediment depicts the chariot race between Pelops and Oinomaos, and the central figure which dominates the work is of Zeus. The western pediment depicts the abduction of the Lapith women by Centaurs, and has Apollo as its central figure. The metopes bear the relief representation of Hercules' labours. These sculptures were made during the 5th century B.C.

Hermes of Praxiteles

One of the masterpieces of ancient Greek art. Hermes, as Pausanias informs us, is depicted carrying the infant Dionysos. Made from Parian marble it stands 2,10m in height. It is thought to be an original of the great sculptor and it is dated to ca. 330 B.C.

Nike of Paionios

The statue depicts a winged woman. An inscription on the base states that the statue was dedicated by the Messenians and the Naupactians for their victory against the Lacedaemonians (Spartans), in the Archidamian (Peloponnesian) war prabably in 421 B.C. It is the work of the sculptor Paionios of Mende in Chalkidiki, who also made the acroteria of the Temple of Zeus.
Nike, cut from Parian marble, has a height of 2,115m, but with the tips of her (now broken) wings would have reached 3m. In its completed form, the monument with its triangular base (8,81m high) would have stood at the height of 10,92m. giving the impression of Nike triumphantly descending from Olympos. It dates from 421 B.C.

Zeus and Ganymedes
A terracotta statuette depicting Zeus carrying off young Ganymedes. Probably an acroterion of a temple, dated to 480-470 B.C.

Bronze breast-plate with incised decoration.

On its lower part there is an engraved scene of Zeus and Apollo with his 'kithara', while other figures are also represented. Probably the work of an island bronze-smith around the dates of 650-625 B.C.
Museum number M394.

The Helmet of Miltiades

Dedication by Miltiades, as the inscription informs us "Miltiades dedicates to Zeus". It is the same helmet worn by the Athenian general in the battle of Marathon, where he defeated the Persians, and thus offered it to Zeus as a sign of gratitude.

Bronze battering-ram

The only surviving besieging instrument of its kind from Antiquity. On all sides of the battering-ram there are symbolic depictions of rams heads, from where indeed it got its name. 5th century B.C.
Museum number B2360.

Bronze horse

It is dated in the transition between the Geometric to the Archaic period. It is unique for its monumentality on comparison with the small scale of other artefacts from the Geometric period.
Museum number B1741.

The collections are displayed in a modern way. A chronological order, easy to understand information panels and subtle lighting, make visiting a museum in Ancient Olympia an enjoyable family event.

Exploring the Past in the Algarve

The name of Portugal&rsquos Algarve region is a reminder of this area&rsquos Arabic history. Al-Gharb is literally translated as &lsquothe west&rsquo. Like most parts of Europe, the Algarve has been inhabited since the Stone Age &ndash and the landscape is dotted with menhirs and cromlechs. The Romans established themselves here as they did with the rest of the Iberian Peninsular. Following the fall of the Roman Empire the Iberian Peninsular was ruled by the Visigoths, mostly unchallenged in the Peninsular until the Umayyad conquest of Hispania (711 to 788 CE). Between 552 and 571 the Algarve was under the control of the Byzantine Empire. In 716 the Moors conquered what is today Lagos &ndash a settlement that had long been known for its natural harbour. Because of this harbour Lagos had an important role during the 15th century and the Portuguese Age of Discovery, along with other economically important centres along the southern coast. The Algarve maybe very well be an attractive destination for summer holiday makers in search of beautiful sandy beaches. It is also attractive proposition for cultural travellers in search of history. Walled cities, fortifications and castles are the legacy of a complex and fascinating past.

Prehistoric Period

The Dyrrah of 3000 years ago belongs to the prehistoric age, here represented by various artifacts, including bronze axes and hammer heads made of stone. These items testify to the existence of indigenous inhabitants in this territory during this specific period, all of which confirms the status of Durrës as one of the Mediterranean’s oldest cities.

Durrës Archaeological Museum. Photo by IntoAlbania

Faro city Center

If you are interested in museums, you may like to look into the Faro Archaeological Museum, where you can learn everything about the history of the region or even attend one of the events (concerts, vernissages, exhibits) that frequently take place there.

Another fascinating Faro attraction is the Centro Ciencia Viva do Algarve, a museum dedicated to the latest science breakthroughs.

A free walking tour in Faro, a daily activity that takes place in downtown Faro with local guides, that will show you and teach about the local history and peculiarity and rich culture as well the old city legends. It takes about 2 hours and you will be a Faro Expert at the end of tour.

a walk by the streets of Faro will show you a rich and vibrant city

Faro Archaeological Museum

Also known as the Museu Municipal, this was founded as an archaeological museum in 1894 and is well worth a visit if you are in Faro. It occupies the site of the 16th century convent of Nossa Senhora da Assunção (Our Lady of the Assumption) whose peaceful, cloistered gardens alone make the visit worthwhile.

Most of the exhibits here are of Roman artefacts, but there are also collections from pre-historic, Moorish and medieval periods, including a gallery of religious artworks and some 20th century paintings by local artist Carlos Porfirio, whose works depict scenes from local legends.

For most visitors a highlight of any visit is likely to be the outstanding mosaic of sea-god Oceanus, which was excavated from a site close to the city’s railway station in 1976. There are also busts of Emperor Hadrian and Agrippina.

In a prominent position at the entrance to the museum is a statue of Afonso III, who was king of Portugal in 13th century. Also outside the museum is a statue of Constantino Cumano an Italian-born doctor and political activist who lived for some time in Faro and specialised in the treatment of syphilis, a disease which was rampant throughout Europe in the 19th century.


This lighthouse is a construction conceived by the engineer Juan León y Castillo as a luminous complex made up of two main bodies, the house of the bullfighter and the tower. The house, with a rectangular floor plan, was developed from a traditional idea such as the Canarian patio, but the four facades of the building are aided by the eclectic fashion of the period in which it was built. The dwelling, attached to the base of the tower, acts as a plinth that counteracts the thrusts of the tower. [4]

The decision to build a lighthouse in Maspalomas dates from 19 June 1861, but it was not until 1884 that Juan de León y Castillo was commissioned to draw up the project. The works lasted until 1889 and the lighthouse emitted its first flash of light on the night of its commissioning, 1 February 1890. [5] [6]

The tower, presented to the sea, in the southern part of the set, is a truncated cone cylinder that has an average diameter in the upper body of 6.20 meters, a height of 54.70 meters and at its summit is located the lantern, so that the set reaches a height of 60 meters. It has a classic shaft design whose section decreases as it approaches its capital, finished off with rings and modules. Its facade has a succession of elongated vertical openings, which give light to the staircase leading up to the lantern and, at the top, under the capital, a small glazed lamp whose purpose is rather ornamental. The colour of the tower is blue-grey, typical of the masonry with which it is built in its entirety. [7] [5] [6]

The lantern is a glass dome of 3.7 meters in diameter, covered at the top. Inside it are the optics, the reflectors and the 1000-watt halogen lamp, which emits a white light at the rate of a group of a slow flash with a 1+2 frequency of 13 seconds between groups. The flashes have a nominal night-time range of 19 nautical miles. [4] [6]

The lighthouse is located in Punta de Maspalomas, at the end of Maspalomas beach, next to the dune field, pool and oasis of the same name tourist area in the greatest degree in the south of the island of Gran Canaria. It is the most popular lighthouse in the Canary Islands, considered an emblematic symbol and one of the best known monuments in Gran Canaria and the municipality of San Bartolomé de Tirajana. In addition to being recognized as an Asset of General Interest, it is one of the oldest lighthouses still in operation in the Canary Islands. [7]

It is fully automated and operates using conventional electrical power connected to the public grid. It has annexed rooms at the foot of the tower, in a two-storey building of eclectic style. This building is attached to the tower on its north side and is a rectangular construction, symmetrical in the arrangement of its doors and windows, whose perimeters are outlined in stone. Its corners and a cornice that finishes off the entire upper part also make use of ashlars to harmonise the whole. Above the entrance to the building there is a small balcony made of tea wood and inside there is a patio that serves as a distributor to give access to all the rooms and to the tower itself. In them are the different rooms, warehouses and the room that the lighthouse keeper had as well as a generator and the corresponding batteries to guarantee the operation in case of disconnection or failure in the electrical network. [7] [6] [4]

The Maspalomas Lighthouse was declared a Property of Cultural Interest in the category of Historical Monument by the Canary Islands Government in 2005. Its protected area is 5225.72 square meters along a perimeter of 318.15 linear meters. [8]

On the occasion of Christmas 2005, the lighthouse was decorated, for the first time in its history, with Christmas lights. The micro-bulbs were placed by the Town Hall of San Bartolomé de Tirajana along the entire length of the tower, managing to enhance its height and showiness both in the distance and from the tourist enclave of Meloneras.

In February 2019, the Maspalomas Lighthouse reopened to the public after ten years of closure. While waiting for the museographic project for the Ethnographic Interpretation Centre to be awarded and executed, the Maspalomas Lighthouse can be visited with an exhibition of craftsmanship in the context of the rural houses of Gran Canaria together with objects of daily use until the middle of the 20th century. It also has contemporary products from the textile sector inspired by traditional craft techniques. It also has a doll's house from 1930 with seventeen rooms. [9]

Faro Archaeological Museum

Faro Archaeological Museum is an amazing museum which is worth visiting by everyone. It has a great collection of prehistorically Medieval, Manueline and Roman artifacts. It is also well known as the Museum Municipal de Faro. You can enjoy all the surprises with your family, friends and make your trip a memorable one by planning a trip with cheap holidays to faro.

Deserta Island is one among the purest beaches in Algarve, which lies within the RIA Formosa National Park. Best place to relax on the beach and can enjoy boat ride to Barreta Island. You can go around watching the birds, wildlife in the park and taste different varieties of sea foods in the famed Estamine Restaurant.

Cathedral of Faro is the most sumptuous monuments which was consecrated in the ancient time during the 13th century in the name of the Virgin Mary. It is a Roman Catholic cathedral it is an amazing monument with attracts visitors with artistic delights, marble inlaid work, paintings , sculptures, tiling and gold leaf eighteenth century decorations.

Loule is a famous town with wonderful landmark churches, art galleries, swimming pools, historical sites and many more. Loule Carnival is one of the biggest Events in Loule and is famous across the Algarve. It is a unique experience for visitors to travel with all inclusive holidays to Faro and also provides best holiday spots for tourists to enjoy their vacations.

Praia de Faro is a family friendly beach where all age groups can have great fun all over the beach and it is one among the long sandy beaches. You can enjoy taking part in all the water sport activities and enjoy the pleasant nature by enjoy tasting all varieties of cuisines near the beach.

Faro vacation is the best place for people who love to enjoy a pretty good time in lovely beaches and it will offers you all the wonders by exploring all over Faro and enjoy all the beautiful monuments, take part in all the adventures activities to make trip an amazing one.

Captivating Journey of Historical Discovery in the Algarve

Photos supplied by Vilamoura

As the Algarve prepares for a gradual easing of international travel restrictions, the region’s premier attractions have been taking the opportunity to upgrade their facilities and services. One that has just re-opened after a pre-summer makeover is Cerro da Vila Museum and Archaeological Site, which is listed among the top-10 places to visit during a trip to Portugal’s popular southern coastal region.

Located adjacent to the Vilamoura residential and leisure resort, the site offers an engrossing 5,000-year journey through history, including the Roman (c. 1st-5th AD) and Islamic (c. 8th-12th AD) periods. Many of the artefacts – relating to architecture, sculpture, commerce and funerals – are believed to be unique in Portugal.

The Algarve’s Roman Empire past is highlighted by a route that immerses visitors in the remnants of a typical maritime villa. Inside are mosaics, luxurious fountains (domus), public and private baths, fish sauce factories and funerary monuments (columbaria, inhumation graves), while the site also showcases the existence of a fluvial port serving as a trading post.

The museum visit begins with an on-site appreciation of graves unearthed in Vilamoura’s Vinha do Casão cemetery (circa 12th-10th BC), dating to an era in the southern Iberian peninsula when the local economy was focused on the exploration and production of bronze metal.

Suitable for families, the Cerro da Vila Museum and Archaeological Site offers fascinating insights into the Algarve’s history, in the heart of a major resort area where tourists can also enjoy a diverse array of 21st century cosmopolitan attractions. These include the largest marina in Portugal, just a five-minute walk from the historical site.

Established more than 50 years ago, the Vilamoura destination comprises championship golf courses, international equestrian facilities, other nautical and land-based sports, several spas, two beaches, over 100 restaurants, a casino and chic bars and beach clubs, as well as the Vilamoura Environmental Park .

Opened to the public in 1965, this historically significant example of mid-century modern architecture naturally leads the eye to the heavens, arousing feelings of wonder.

Designed by architects David Reaves and Dan Branch, the attention to detail in the look and layout combined practicality with visions of majesty. Placed on a base of sand, the additional elevation has saved, with rare exceptions, river flooding events from entering the building. Look closely and you may be able to imagine how the design mimics the flat-topped temple mound features at the site.

Inside the museum, exhibits explain the history of the coastal dwellers who used the area in ancient times.

Artifacts from pottery to projectile points found at the nearby archaeological site as well as others are all displayed here, and timelines provide comparisons with historical events occurring in other parts of the world during similar time periods.

Exhibits and a video detail the history of the Crystal River archaeological site, including how it was discovered, and friendly volunteers and rangers stand ready to answer any questions you may have about the exhibits or the park.

The building itself is also worth admiring. In the absence of air conditioning, the building was specially positioned to capture the breezes that track the contour of the Crystal River. The design incorporated floor-to-ceiling windows optimizing the use of natural light inside of the structure while allowing guests to experience unobstructed views of the surrounding landscape.

The splendor of the structure from the exterior combined with the thought-provoking interpretive panels along the surrounding paths will take you back to a place and time where everyday life was a little less complicated.

Watch the video: European Union permanent exhibition at Faro a Colon Museum (January 2022).