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Zvartnots Cathedral Colonnade

Zvartnots Cathedral Colonnade


n/a. Condition: Good. n/a. Please feel free to request a detailed description. : In Russian. Monument Armenian architecture VI-VII centuries Series: Monuments ancient art. M. : Art. 1971 year. SKUalb5afdf23ca65416d53e127c374c43fb38 Language: Russian (unless indicated otherwise by the description).

n/a. Condition: Good. n/a. Please feel free to request a detailed description. : In Russian. Series: Monuments ancient art M. Publishing-of Art. 1971 year. SKUalb959e6a3ec716870a30f01c1dc8a2cdff Language: Russian (unless indicated otherwise by the description).


St. Isaac’s Cathedral and Colonnade

Isaac’s cathedral is named after reverend Isaac the Dalmatian, a Byzantium monk that lived in the 4th century. This Saint is not really widely known in Russia. It was dedicated to Isaac because on May 30th (by the 12-day slower Julian calendar) the remembrance day of this hieromonk, who propagated Christianity despite persecution, used to be celebrated. Peter the Great, the founder of Saints Petersburg and the first Russian emperor, was born exactly on that day in 1672. That is why several years after the appearance of the city the first built church was dedicated to Isaac, the Tsar’s protector. It was situated approximately in the same place that the Admiralty building occupies nowadays. The church was rebuilt and moved 3 times: the second version of it was in the place currently occupied by the Bronze Horseman, and the third exactly where the cathedral is located now. The fourth and the last version of the church is the cathedral itself, recognized as a masterpiece of the 19th century’s architecture, that was built in 1858 by the design proposed by the French architect, August de Montferrand. Its construction took approximately 40 years, and including the interior design cost the treasury around 24 million Rub. Just to compare, the annual budget of the Russian empire in 1842 was 187 million Rub, while the USA purchased Alaska in 1867 for roughly 11 million Rub.

St. Isaac’s Cathedral is the Worldwide known masterpiece of architecture, monumental painting, mosaic and sculpture. From all four sides the facades of the cathedral are decorated by symmetrically placed porticos with 48 monolithic columns that are made from granite and each weighing 114 tons (255, 360 lbs.). In total, there are 112 monolithic columns of varying sizes in the cathedral and over 350 sculptures. The figures of the apostles quietly rest on the gables, while the angels, each holding a lamp have occupied the corners of the building. The dome’s gilding required around 150 kilograms (331 lbs.) of gold leaves and it has not been gilded again since the construction of the cathedral was completed. The building’s facades were faced with the Ruskeala marble.

The interior design of the cathedral can astonish with the perfection of shapes’ execution, at the same time, the numerous pieces of art, the combination of colourful gems and gilding – all create a rich spectrum of colours. The walls, the floors, and the pylons were finished with white, yellow, green, red and grey marble, while semi-precious stones – malachite and lapis lazuli – were used for the lining of the chancel part of the cathedral. Magnificent mosaic icons, executed in the Romanesque style, sculpture, monumental pictorial canvas and frescos constitute the layout and graphic presentation of the cathedral. The top painters and sculptors of that period, among them Fyodor Bruni, Karl Bryullov, Pyotr Basin, Ivan Vitali, Stepan Pimenov, worked hard on the creation of these masterpieces. For instance, the area of the ceiling of the main dome is 800 square meters (8,611 square feet), and the total area of mosaics is 530 square meters (5,705 square feet). Just imagine how much work and patience it took to complete them.

No matter how much one tries to convey or describe the entire beauty or the magnificence of the cathedral by the means of dry numbers, or even by eloquently used epithets, it is an absolutely impossible task. That is why I strongly recommend that you go and see this masterpiece with your own eyes. When standing in the centre of the cathedral, right under the dome and if you look upward into space, an incredible sense of inspiration will fill your body and you will realize the limitlessness of the human capabilities, and the immensity of imagination and fantasies.

Currently, the cathedral is a unified museum of Russian iconic architecture and visual arts. One of its parts still functions as a church and a place of worship, however, this does not impact the dress code because it is located in the farthest small part of the cathedral. There are also no restrictions on the amount of time that you could spend inside.

While wandering around the spacious cathedral and marvelling all of its beauties, you most likely will come with some questions, such as: “How was it built?”, “What are the sculptures made out of?”, “What is under the dome?”, “How were the mosaics assembled?”, “What is the capacity of the cathedral?”, etc. Do not be humble and ask your tour guide for the answers, however, most likely you will learn all about it during the tour.

It is also possible to get all the way up to the cathedral colonnade and admire the panoramas of Saints Petersburg from the bird’s-eye view. The picture that you see from up there is indeed remarkable and even slightly mysterious. You can make a full circle and that will enable you to see the city from all possible angles and cardinal directions that are indicated by white paint on the floor, for your convenience. Make sure that you take into account the fact there is no elevator that could take you up there and will have to mount 262 steps of the spiral staircase by foot. It would not hurt to wear comfortable shoes and there is no need to be scared of heights, as everything is really safe. You will be 43 meters (141 feet) above the ground and it could get windy at such an elevation, so make sure to bring a warm coat or a pullover along.


Holidays [ edit | edit source ]

A video on Tir (in Armenian)

The 21st of September was celebrated a Holiday in honor of Tir. This day was dedicated in memory of ancestors, and is still celebrated today by Christians who visit the graves of loved ones, though one week earlier as the 21st is now Armenia's independence day. Traditionally on this day people were shown theatre, and told about their voyages over the world. Tir’s holiday was celebrated at the beginning of the Armenian month of Hori (Sept. 10-Oct. 9) as a day of knowledge. He even had a month, Tre (Nov. 8 to Dec. 7), dedicated to him in the old Armenian pagan calendar.


Kazan Cathedral

In the very heart of the city, where the Griboyedov Canal crosses Nevsky Prospect, a majestic view of Kazan Square opens up. A beautiful temple, having stretched a wide arc of the colonnade, as if it embraces both a square with a fountain and the whole Nevsky.

Kazan Cathedral was originally built as a court, ceremonial, as it occupied a central place in the capital of the empire, and became its original symbol. It was built for the most revered icon in our city and is named after him. The history of the construction of the temple began with a small wooden chapel, and ended with the construction of a grand cathedral. The church was consecrated on September 15, 1811, but the events of the next, terrible 1812, changed the history of the cathedral and its status. It became a unique monument of feats of arms of the Russian army over Napoleon, the burial place of Field Marshal Kutuzov. The chapel was built for the replica of Kazan Icon of the Mother of God, which appeared in St. Petersburg in 1710.

The miraculous icon was brought from Moscow, and its history relates us to the XVI century, when it appeared in the city of Kazan for girl Matron. The shrine remained in Moscow until it was transported to the new capital, St. Petersburg. In 1800, the construction of a new church was entrusted to the architect Andrei Voronikhin. Voronikhin lived in the family of Count Stroganov and, although he was considered his serf, he was not deprived of attention.

It was rumored that Andrei was the illegitimate son of the count. Voronikhin received an architectural education, in Moscow he studied with the famous Russian architects – V. Bazhenov and M. Kazakov, and when he received his freedom, he spent several years in France and Switzerland, studying the new style – Empire. They lit up the finished church 10 years later, and a year later the war with Napoleon began, and fate decreed that the Kazan Cathedral became a monument to the Patriotic War of 1812. The appearance and interiors of the cathedral are amazingly majestic and rich and the two wings of the colonnade are unique in the history of Russian church architecture. Cathedral’s colonnade includes 96 columns, set in four rows, and opens onto Nevsky Prospect, its wings are ended by monumental portals. This architectural solution allowed A. N. Voronikhin to solve the problem confronting all builders of temples on Nevsky.

The avenue stretches from west to east, in the same way Orthodox churches are organized – in the west – the entrance, and the altar – in the east. The colonnade allowed to make the north side of the cathedral, be for show. The cathedral’s middle entrance doors are bronze, and the “heavenly doors” of the 15th century Florentine baptistery were taken as a model. The interior of the cathedral is striking in its magnificence – a colonnade of 56 columns of pink Finnish granite with gilded capitals and bronze bases.

The Kazan Cathedral is the resting place of Michael Kutuzov, the commander-in-chief of the Russian army in the war against Napoleon. From the moment of burial, the cathedral takes on the significance of the main monument of Russia in honor of the victory in the war of 1812. 114 trophy French banners and standards adorn the walls of the temple.

In 1837, two monuments to field marshals Kutuzov and Barclay de Tolly were installed on the square in front of the Kazan Cathedral. In 1932, the cathedral was closed for the faithful, and in the same year the Museum of the History of Religion and Atheism of the USSR began to operate here.

The museum collection contained the most valuable collections of religious objects of various religions, documents, as well as paintings and sculptures. Since 1991, services have resumed in the cathedral. Now it is completely handed over to congregation and again became the main cathedral of St. Petersburg. The Museum of the History of Religion is transferred to a building on Pochtamtskaya Street.


Notre-Dame de Paris (Paris, France)

Notre-Dame was more than a church, it was the heart of Paris and its spiritual home. The monuments to our humanity we hold as permanent fixtures in cities and towns built through blood, sweat, and tears, are but fleeting examples of our ingenuity and our capacity to meaningfully express this human condition. Known the world over simply as Notre-Dame, the cathedral was constructed over a century beginning in 1160. It was an architectural and ascetic achievement even then. Its enormous vault was covered by a marvelous wooden ceiling that used so much wood it had come to be known as "the forest." In order to support the roof and prevent the vault’s walls from collapsing outward, Notre-Dame made innovative use of so-called flying buttresses.

Magnificent stained glass rose windows sat above the western entrance as well as at the northern and southern transepts. Elaborate stone sculptural decorations adorned the cathedral’s exterior and interior, with visitors drawn to the realism of Notre-Dame’s many gargoyles. Reconstructions, expansions, and other repairs occurred over many centuries. French authorities have committed to rebuilding the structure, making it all but certain Notre-Dame will eventually arise Phoenix-like from the ashes.


Everything you need to know about St. Petersburg's 5 main cathedrals

Photo credit: Shutterstock

Founded in 1712, Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral is St. Petersburg's oldest church &ndash and it&rsquos the tallest church in the historic part of the town as well, with its gilded spire reaching a height of 122.5 meters. At present, construction of taller buildings in the city center is forbidden by law.

Peter the Great, the first Russian emperor and the founder of St. Petersburg, wanted the main cathedral of the new Russian capital to be taller than the Belfry of Ivan the Great in the Kremlin &ndash the tallest landmark of the old capital. Even before the cathedral was completed, he ordered that the new royal burial vault be established within its walls, not in Moscow. Almost all the Russian emperors are buried in the cathedral, starting from Peter the Great himself to Nicholas II, who was brutally murdered by the Bolsheviks in 1918.

Photo credit: Shutterstock

The gilded angel that crowns the spire of the cathedral is one of the most recognizable symbols of St. Petersburg. It&rsquos also the city&rsquos talisman. The industrial climbers who renovated the cathedral in 1997 discovered a note inside the angel from their predecessors, the 1960s renovation team. In the note, the former team of workers complained of pressing deadlines and low wages. This discovery started a new tradition: Every time a team of renovators climbs the spire, they leave a message to their future colleagues - 122 meters off the ground.

Tip: At midnight and at noon, the carillon on the cathedral belfry chimes the national hymn, and in the summer, carillon concerts are held in the square in front of the cathedral.

2. The Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ on Spilled Blood

Photo credit: Shutterstock

This temple is commonly known as the Church of the Savior on Blood. The architects designed the cathedral in imitation of Moscow's medieval temples, and the designs of the mosaics that decorate its interior were created by renowned artists belonging to the Russian Romantic movement of the late 19th century. The story behind it is tragic: It was established in 1883 as a memorial on the very spot of the fatal terrorist attack on Czar Alexander II.

Photo credit: Shutterstock

Inside, the walls of the cathedral are covered with seven square kilometers of mosaics. The eyes of Jesus Christ in the mosaic beneath the central dome appear always to be watching you, no matter what part of the cathedral you are in. Opposite the altar, in the western part of the cathedral, a jasper canopy shelters a fragment of the cobblestone pavement onto which Czar Alexander II was thrown by the explosion of his assassin's bomb.

Tip: Make sure to see the cathedral from the inside. In the museum ticket office, you can borrow an audio guide in one of a dozen languages for 200 rubles and learn a lot about the artistic techniques and materials used in the cathedral. At 7:30 in the morning, you can enter the cathedral free of charge during the Russian Orthodox service.

3. St. Isaac's Cathedral: The city's best panorama point

Photo credit: Shutterstock

St. Isaac's Cathedral is one of St. Petersburg's most photographed landmarks, mostly because of its colossal size: The golden dome of Europe's third highest cathedral is visible from dozens of kilometers away. Over the 40 years that St. Isaac's Cathedral was being built (1818&ndash1858), Petersburgers found it hideously ponderous and utterly disproportionate to the surrounding buildings, but they accepted it eventually &ndash and the present-day St. Petersburg is unthinkable without St. Isaac's.

Photo credit: Shutterstock

The 262 steps of the staircase leading to the colonnade of the cathedral are worth the effort of climbing them. The colonnade encircles the dome at 44 meters above the ground, the height of a 16-story building. Wherever you look, you see St. Petersburg, cut by innumerable rivers and channels into dozens of islands. To enter the colonnade, you will need a separate ticket, which can be bought at the museum ticket office or from a vending machine at the entrance. From June to August, during the "white nights," the colonnade is open to visitors until four in the morning.

Tip: The best view of St. Isaac&rsquos Cathedral can be seen from the center of Isaakievskaya Square, marked by the equestrian monument to Emperor Nicholas I.

4. Kazan Cathedral: The sacred stronghold of Orthodox Christianity framed with Vatican-style columns

Photo credit: Lori/Legion-Media

Forming a majestic semicircle around the Kazan Cathedral, the colonnade resembles that of St. Peter's Cathedral in the Vatican, but its true purpose is to mask the fact that the real facade is turned away from Nevsky Prospect, the city's main avenue. According to the church&rsquos architectural canons, the altar must face the East.

Presently, the colonnade is closed to visitors, but the cathedral itself opens every day in the morning, and admission is free because it is an active church with services held daily.

Photo credit: Shutterstock

A year after its 1811 consecration, the Kazan Cathedral was proclaimed a memorial to Russia's victory over Napoleon. Statues of the two most prominent military commanders of the war were installed in the square in front of the cathedral. The western side features the monument to Barclay de Tolly, and the eastern side has the monument to Mikhail Kutuzov, immortalized as one of the characters in Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace.

Tip: The best view of the Kazan Cathedral is from the other side of Nevsky Prospect. Just look out the windows of Singer Coffee Shop on the second floor of the House of Books bookstore (28 Nevsky Prospect).

5. Smolny Cathedral: A chameleon of a temple, but beautiful from any angle

Photo credit: Lori/Legion-Media

Smolny Cathedral is situated outside the historical center of St. Petersburg. It can be quite tricky to get there because the name "Smolny" denotes not only the cathedral but also the headquarters of St. Petersburg's administration, situated in the neighboring building. You&rsquoll know you&rsquove arrived at the right destination when you see lots of parked tourist buses and newly-married couples drinking champagne with their guests: The cathedral is one of the top wedding photo locations for St. Petersburg couples.

Photo credit: Lori/Legion-Media

One distinctive feature of its architecture is the lack of any main facade. Each wall of the building is a facade, making the cathedral look equally festive from all sides, even from the modern residential area on the opposite bank of the Neva River. The color of Smolny adjusts to the color of the city sky: In sunny weather, it shifts toward light-blue, and in gloomy weather, it looks grayish. The side of Smolny you&rsquoll see depends on the always fickle St. Petersburg weather.

If using any of Russia Beyond's content, partly or in full, always provide an active hyperlink to the original material.


Colonnade of Civic Benefactors, #16, Helen Millett Arndt

The sixteenth name on the Colonnade of Civic Benefactors is Helen Millett Arndt. Historic Denver’s Fiftieth Anniversary is this December. Helen Millett Arndt was one of its founders. Helen passed almost thirty-five years ago. But she is remembered for what she contributed to Historic Denver and the city of Denver.

Helen Millett was born in Phoenix, Arizona on February 20th, 1913. She passed away in Denver, December 23, 1985. She was married to Dr. Karl Fredrich Arndt (12/9/1908-4/15/2006). The 1940 Denver Census lists her residence at 3100 East Exposition Avenue. She later lived at 170 High Street.

Helen Millett was the first woman on the Denver Planning Board in 1959. She lead the Denver Landmark Commission in 1967. She was one of the founders of Historic Denver in 1970.

The Landmark Preservation Committee (LPC) is to designate, preserve, enhance and perpetuate structures or districts that have architectural, historical, geographic or cultural significance within the city of Denver. They recommend to City Council: design reviews, tax credits and policies related to historic preservation. Historic Denver Partners with the Landmark Preservation Committee (LPC), Denver Public Library (DPL), Historic Colorado, the National Trust for Historic Preservation and the National Park Service (NPS).

Outside of Saint John’s Episcopal Church at 1350 Washington is a statue “In Memory of Helen Millett Arnot”. The statue stands on the east side of the Cathedral.

This is the only photo of Helen Millett Arndt on the Internet. It is DPL photo X-26912. It lists the ladies as Helen Arndt, Jane Smith and Sen. Barbara Holme. The person on the right is Barbara Holme. The two ladies on the left are not properly named, but I suspect Helen Millett is holding the Historic Landmark plaque.

Because the DPL is not open during Covid it is difficult to find any other photos.


Zvartnots Cathedral ruins in the background of Mount Ararat, Armenia. - stock photo

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Vatican sells stamps to restore famed colonnade

VATICAN CITY (AP) — Not even the Vatican is immune from the economic crisis.

For the first time, the Vatican is seeking funds directly from pilgrims, collectors and tourists to pay for the ambitious restoration of the 17th century Bernini colonnade surrounding St. Peter's Square.

The Vatican's Philatelic and Numismatic Office, which sells commemorative coins and stamps featuring popes, saints and the like, is offering a special €20 ($26) stamp and certificate package to help offset a recession-induced drop in corporate sponsors for the project.

The office's director, Mauro Olivieri, said Vatican officials were asked earlier this year to think up fundraising initiatives to help finance the restoration.

The series is composed of two €10 ($13) stamps affixed to a certificate, one featuring Pope Benedict XVI's coat of arms and the other the seal of Pope Alexander VII, who entrusted the Italian Baroque master Gian Lorenzo Bernini with the colonnade in 1657.

If the full 150,000 print run is sold, some €3 million ($3.9 million) could be funneled toward the restoration, Olivieri said. "That's our hope. We'll see what happens."

The Vatican launched the restoration in 2009, aiming to secure and clean the colonnade's 284 columns, which embrace the square in a dual inner and outer row, and the 140 statues that surround and top them. Also being restored are the piazza's central obelisk and two fountains.

The Vatican initially estimated it would take four years. The job is now not slated to be finished before 2015 and Olivieri said the cost is estimated at €14 million ($18 million).

The restoration work involved securing facade pieces at risk of falling and then removing algae, lichen and moss that have grown on the travertine over the years. The work has been carried out in sections, allowing the piazza to be used continuously throughout the restoration.

Vatican's Office Philatelic and Numismatic Office is at

Follow Nicole Winfield at www.twitter.com/nwinfield

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Kevin Durant's mom gave him a sweet hug after he air-balled the game-tying shot in the final moments of classic Game 7

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Watch the video: Zvartnots Cathedral, Armenia (January 2022).